Gout is a form of arthritis that causes severe pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints. It occurs due to the presence of excess uric acid in the bloodstream. According to a report published by the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, around 8.3 million people in the United States were affected by this condition between 2007 to 2008.
Gout may occur due to hypertension, obesity, and cardiovascular disorders. This condition mainly affects men, and the women are more susceptible to gout after menopause. The gout symptoms occur due to the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints.
The main aim of gout treatment is to reduce pain and inflammation. Traditional treatment of gout includes dietary changes and consuming certain pain medications.
Modification Of Diet
A slight modification in your daily diet can reduce the frequency of gout attacks. With a diet modification, we can lower the level of uric acid in the blood. Some dietary changes include avoiding alcohol, drinking a lot of water, eating non-fat dairy products, avoiding high-purine food, etc.
Some of the medications used for reducing the pain and inflammation associated with gout are corticosteroids, colchicine, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Another medication used for gout treatment is allopurinol, which is a xanthine oxidase inhibitor that helps to reduce the amount of uric acid in your body. The medication probenecid is used to improve the ability of kidneys to remove uric acid from your body.
The NSAIDs, corticosteroids, and colchicine are the drugs used for reducing pain and inflammation caused by gout. Probenecid and xanthine oxidase inhibitors are used for preventing any future gout attacks.
Aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, celecoxib, etc. are some of the common NSAIDs available for gout treatment. The higher doses of these drugs are available only by prescription. These drugs can cause side effects like nausea, stomach ulcers, and diarrhea.
The colchicine helps to prevent the formation of uric acid crystals. The uric acid in the blood changes into uric acid crystals and accumulated in your joints, causing severe pain and inflammation. The corticosteroids can effectively reduce the inflammation caused by the accumulation of uric acid crystals. However, they may also cause side effects like osteoporosis, diabetes, cataracts, high blood pressure, etc.
The xanthine oxidase inhibitors are mainly used for reducing the production of uric acid in your body. However, the drugs may worsen the condition if they are taken during a gout attack. By having probenecid, the ability of the kidneys to remove uric acid from the body will be improved and provides you gout relief.