Gout is a common form of inflammatory arthritis that causes severe pain. Compared to rheumatoid arthritis, gout affects one joint at a time, and most often, this is the big toe joint. But it can also affect other joints in the body like the knee, ankles, elbow, wrist, and so on. Also, a gout attack is unpredictable, and you must always take precautions to not get affected by it off guard. The purpose of this article is to discuss factors that increase your chances of developing gout.
What Is Gout?
Gout is an arthritic condition that develops due to hyperuricemia, i.e., the presence of excess amounts of uric acid in the body. Uric acid is naturally produced during cellular metabolism. Also, it is produced when the body breaks down purines, which are found in high amounts in food like red meat, fish, organ meat like liver, and alcoholic drinks like beer. You must also know that hyperuricemia does not always cause gout, and hyperuricemia without gout symptoms need not be treated.
What Are The Factors That Increase The Chances For Gout?
- Being male
- Certain health conditions like hypertension, diabetes, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, congestive heart failure, and poor kidney function.
- Consuming excess amounts of alcohol.
- Taking medications like diuretics.
- Consuming food and drinks that have high amounts of fructose.
- Consuming purine rich food like red meat, seafood like sardines, anchovies, tuna, trout, scallops, and muscles, and organ meat.
The Risk Factors Of Gout
Alcohol Consumption And Gout:
A controlled study has shown that alcohol consumption increased the chances of gout by 3-fold in women and 2-fold in men when compared to those who do not consume alcohol. Also, other studies have found that the risk of developing this condition varies greatly depending on the type and amount of alcoholic beverage consumed. For example, consuming beer and hard liquor increases the risk of developing gout.
Diet, Beverages, And Gout:
Several studies have been conducted to understand the correlation between diet and the risk of developing gout. Daily consumption of two or more sugar-sweetened drinks significantly increased the risk of gout in men. This is also true for daily intake of meat, dairy, seafood, fruits high in fructose, fruit juice, and purine-rich vegetables. Also, a recent study has found that in humans, the intake of all types of milk increased fractional excretion of uric acid. However, moderate intake of purine-rich vegetables does not increase the risk of gout.
Alcohol and animal-based food products are foods bad for gout, and it is better to avoid them.