Gout is an inflammatory disorder caused by the amassing of crystals of uric acid in the joints. When your kidney is not able to remove uric acid from the body effectively, the levels of uric acid will rise significantly. Gout symptoms include severe pain, swelling, inflammation, and redness in the joints, especially in your big toes. It is important to seek immediate treatment if you are diagnosed with gout because failing to do so can lead to joint damage and immobility.
The treatment of gout mainly aims at lessening the ache and soreness in the affected joints. Taking certain gout medication and making lifestyle changes are the traditional treatments for gout. A few of the common drugs used in the treatment of gout are explained in this article.
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Abbreviated as NSAIDs, the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, are highly effective in reducing pain and swelling in your joints. In addition to being used for gout treatment, NSAIDs are also commonly used for the treatment of different types of arthritis. You can buy several NSAIDs at low doses without any prescription. However, you may need a doctor’s prescription to buy high doses of NSAIDs. Some of the most common NSAIDs available are ibuprofen, aspirin, celecoxib, naproxen, ketoprofen, indomethacin, etc.
These drugs are very effective in reducing inflammation and are usually taken orally or injected directly into the affected region. However, doctors do not usually prescribe corticosteroids because they may cause side effects like cataracts, osteoporosis, high blood pressure, diabetes, death of bone tissue, etc. Corticosteroids are generally prescribed to patients who cannot take NSAIDs. Triamcinolone, prednisone, dexamethasone, prednisolone, and methylprednisolone are some of the most common corticosteroids.
This drug is very helpful in treating gout. Colchicine is capable of preventing the formation of uric acid crystals from uric acid. If you take colchicine soon after the gout symptoms first occur, it will help in preventing pain and swelling effectively. It is important to note that long-term use of this drug can cause side effects like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, etc.
Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitors
Doctors usually prescribe xanthine oxidase inhibitors to gout patients because they can help decrease the creation of uric acid in the body. One problem with these drugs is that they may cause an acute gout attack or make the gout attack even worse when you take them. Therefore, doctors usually prescribe a short course of colchicine with xanthine oxidase inhibitors. Two common xanthine oxidase inhibitors available in the market are febuxostat and allopurinol.