For an inflammatory form of arthritis such as gout, this saying sticks to it like grease on a pig. The gout symptoms are characterised by swelling and extreme pain in the joints, especially the big toe. This doesn’t mean that the effect is limited to just that- the knee, elbows, wrist and fingertips are affected, too.
There are several triggers that can set off pain, with the episode lasting a few hours even to a few days or weeks. The worst of the pain sets in the first two days.
How Does Gout Happen?
Often called the rich man’s disease, for the flare-ups occurs for those who eat plenty of meat and drink alcohol by the drum-full. Despite the reputation, just about anyone can fall prey to it.
Gout occurs due to a build-up of uric acid crystals in the joint. These are needle-like microscopic syringes that protrude at the joint and cause it to cut through the muscle and skin. It leads to redness, swelling and heating in the local area.
How Do You Go About Preventing Gout?
People, who are prone to gout or have a family history of it, should be wiser and take care to make changes in their dietary lifestyle, among others to reduce the risks of gout knocking on your door. Here is some of what you can do:
Cut Down The Alcohol
Alcohol slows down the body’s ability to remove uric acid. There are certain alcohols that are higher in purine-that cause the build-up of uric acid-such as beer and red wine. Both of these must be limited or stopped if possible.
On the other hand, white wine is not associated with gout as much and an occasional glass or two, won’t trouble even those who are prone to gout.
Drink Up Water
Reduce the alcohol, dial up the water you drink. This ensures that the kidneys are healthy and that they are able to flush out the uric acid from the body. Drink at least 2 litres a day, on a minimum.
Lose Weight & Consume Low Purine Foods
Having lower weight reduces the strain that you place on the musculoskeletal system. Having a healthy diet will help in reducing the weight thereby making it easier for you. Also, foods that are high in purine content such as seafood, meats, lentils, certain vegetables and dairy can often spell trouble for you. Make sure to keep an eye on what you eat and make subtle changes wherever possible.