Two types of arthritis, gout and pseudogout cause various similar symptoms but they aren’t the same as many mistakenly think. Both conditions are caused by deposits of sharp crystals in joints and that is why they are referred to as crystal arthritis.
The sites of pain and the treatment methods are different for gout and pseudogout. Gout usually affects the joints of the toes, ankle, wrist, and finger.
Pseudogout is sometimes mistaken for gout but it is different from gout. It is also termed as calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease that affects the joints of the knee, ankle, wrist, elbow, shoulder, and hand.
Gout Vs Pseudogout
Let us make a comparison of gout and pseudogout by analyzing some of their key features.
Gout and pseudogout are associated with quite similar symptoms in the joints. Both conditions can cause:
- Warmth at the site of pain
- Severe pain
Gout attacks are sudden and cause extreme pain that lasts up to 12 hours. It takes about a week to 10 days for the pain to go away. Almost 60% of people with gout may experience more than one attack in a year and if you have chronic gout, you will be bothered by gout attacks more often.
Like gout attacks, pseudogout attacks are also sudden and the pain lasts for days and weeks with the intensity mostly remaining the same. The pain caused by pseudogout is similar to that of the pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
High levels of uric acid in blood lead to the deposition of urate crystals in the joints that causes gout. The causes of increased uric acid levels in the blood include:
- Excessive production of uric acid in the body.
- Kidney failing to get rid of uric acid fast enough.
- Consumption of foods high in uric acids.
Some health conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol may increase the risk of gout.
Men are more prone to gout than women until the age of 60 years. Between the age of 40 and 50 years old, men are more likely to develop gout. The risk of gout increases in women after menopause.
Pseudogout usually affects adults that are over the age of 50 years. Much older adults are at a higher risk of developing pseudogout. The likelihood of women developing pseudogout is slightly more than that of men.
Although gout and pseudogout are similar conditions, the causes, prevention methods and treatments of these conditions are different from one another.