Gout is a form of arthritis that is caused mainly due to the high levels of uric acid in the body. The gout is characterized by severe pain, redness, and swelling in your joints, especially at the base of your toes. Gout can affect people of all ages and when the gout attacks happen, you will experience intense pain in your joints.
Risk Factors Of Gout
One of the major risk factors of gout is consuming foods that are high in purines. The breakdown of purines in your body increases the uric acid levels and can lead to the development of gout. Seafood, meat, certain fruits, and vegetables, etc. are high in purines. Therefore, you should reduce the consumption of those foods to reduce the risk of gout.
Gout can affect people of all ages but most people experience their first episode of gout between 30 and 50. The risk of developing gout increases with age and it is estimated that around 12% of men between the age of 70 and 79 are suffering from gout. However, only 3% of the men below the age of 50 are affected by gout.
Certain medical conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, metabolic diseases, etc. can increase the risk of developing gout. Thiazide diuretics, a medication used for treating hypertension can also increase the risk of developing gout.
The risk of gout will increase if any of your family members had gout. Genetics plays a major role in making the bodies of some people more prone to the accumulation of uric acid crystals, which can lead to gout.
An injury or a surgery can also trigger the development of gout because these events may alter your body chemistry and trigger the gout flare-up.
If the condition is not treated properly, it can lead to arthritis and cause permanent joint damage. The treatment of gout mainly depends on the severity of the problem. The main goals of gout medications are alleviating pain and reducing the inflammation caused by the condition. The gout medications also aim at lowering the uric acid levels to prevent future gout attacks.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen, and corticosteroids are used to alleviate the pain caused by gout. Doctors usually recommend drugs like febuxostat, probenecid, and allopurinol to prevent gout attacks. Including certain foods in your diet that can lower the uric acid levels in your body is also an effective way to prevent gout.